Worms in humans: causes, symptoms, treatment

The distribution of worms among the population is very high. Many diseases occur against the background of the weakening of the body by parasites. A theory of the relationship between oncology and worm infection is being developed. Therefore, you should not start the situation, but it is better to take preventive measures.

abdominal pain as a symptom of the presence of worms

Infection routes

The spread of parasites depends on the conditions. In places with high temperatures and high humidity, helminths multiply faster. This indicator is influenced by hygiene habits and standards.

There is an opinion that only children are ill with worms. An adult can become infected with parasites throughout their life without realizing it. Some categories of people are at risk - hunters, fishermen, pet owners, gardeners.

In the soil (water) there are many mature helminth eggs, which appear there from animal and human feces. Any contact with the soil can become infected with parasites. Pets, children on their toys, adults on shoes, flies on their legs and wings bring soil particles to the house. Food products that have come into contact with the soil may also have soil residues.

In an infected person, the eggs of the worms will be on the hands, household items, clothes, furniture. It is not necessary to have direct contact with such a person for infection to occur (for example, shaking hands). It is enough to use the doorknob in his house.

Among the adult population, the method of infection with helminths through food is widespread. Eating insufficiently thermally processed meat, fish becomes the cause of the disease. You can get infected from river fish that have been improperly salted, smoked or frozen. Infected undercooked meat poses a danger. In open reservoirs, there is a huge number of helminth eggs. They penetrate into the human body if accidentally swallowed during swimming, diving. It is not recommended to use such water for cooking, or you need to boil it for a long time.

Worm eggs are transmitted when insects bite, in the future the parasites will live under the skin. This method of infection is more typical for tropical humid climates. But there are cases of the spread of parasites by blood-sucking insects in other places.

Manifestation of infection

Signs of worms in the body can appear at different times from the moment of infection. When ascaris enters the body, symptoms appear on the third day. Symptoms of infection with all other helminths become pronounced after about 3 weeks.

Since this invasion is parasitic, the worms will feed on the resources of the host. Signs of their presence will be based on the loss of nutrients by the human body. The course of pathologies (helminthiasis) is acute and chronic. In the acute form, the duration is no more than three weeks. Usually, there is a connection with parasite infestation. In the chronic form, the duration stretches for months, years, decades. It is difficult to make a correct diagnosis, since there is no connection between poor health and the presence of worms. Symptoms are blurred, suitable for other diseases.

Helminths live in different internal organs. Depending on the place where they accumulate, characteristic signs appear. There may be pain in the joints, muscles - this is a symptom that parasites are localized in the joint fluid, muscle fibers. Arthritis is often misdiagnosed. A sign of the presence of worms in the lungs is asthma, pneumonia, persistent cough that is difficult to treat.

Each parasite releases toxic waste in the course of its life. Their action causes an exacerbation of chronic pathologies, the onset of new inflammatory processes. In the nasopharynx, sinusitis, sinusitis can begin, in the oral cavity - stomatitis, in the genitals, disease of the appendages, thrush.


Modern diagnostic methods make it possible to determine the presence of parasites in the body, to identify their type, age, stage of development. This makes it easier for doctors to draw up a treatment plan, accelerates a person's recovery.

Stool analysis may not always determine infection. For an accurate result, you will have to be tested several times, but the feces can contain eggs of all known helminths. The analysis of venous blood is more informative. Scraping from the anus allows you to identify a set of helminths in the intestines, for example, ascaris and pinworms.

An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay with high accuracy shows the presence of adult worms, eggs in the human body, their variety. If necessary, a study of the secretions of the duodenum is carried out.

The doctor may recommend repeating the tests for a more accurate result. A single negative result cannot guarantee the absence of parasites.

Getting rid of worms

Treatment of the body from helminths is carried out by specialists - parasitologists. Modern medicines have a specific orientation of a wide and narrow nature to different types of worms. The exact cause of the disease must be established, so self-medication is frivolous and dangerous. Medicines are toxic, it is necessary to choose exactly the drug that will be effective against a certain type of parasite.

The main medicines are:

All anti-worm drugs have side effects. These are dizziness, drowsiness, weakness, abdominal pain, bouts of nausea, and other signs of chemical poisoning. Enterosorbents, for example, activated carbon, will help to get rid of such negative phenomena (take at the rate of 1 tablet per 10 kg of a person's weight).

There are drops from worms on sale. It is a convenient dosage form that allows you to more accurately measure the dosage. This is difficult to do with tablets, because they are covered with a protective coating that must never be broken.

What means to treat, the doctor should choose, this will avoid intoxication. After all, it is not enough to destroy parasites, you need to remove their remnants from the human body. Continuing to remain in the human body, they will rot, releasing toxins into the blood. From this, you can start to hurt again.

The final step in treatment should be recovery. The entire body has undergone destruction, the destructive effect of toxins. Where the parasites moved, traces of their suckers remained. An infection easily joins these bleeding wounds, and secondary diseases begin. To prevent such a development of the event, special medications are taken.

There is a special scheme of what to do when treating a parasitic disease. With self-treatment, the patient does not go through all these stages, so you need to seek help from a doctor. Folk remedies will be a good addition to classical methods of treatment, effective in the recovery period.

Prevention measures

Parasites cause great damage to the body. Preventive measures must be taken, especially for those at risk. In the spring and before the first frosts, drug prevention should be carried out. For this, anthelmintic drugs are taken in a single dosage. It is better to choose a drug with a doctor, especially for children.

The rest of the prevention measures are to prevent the entry of parasites into the body. If the helminth does not enter the host's body in a timely manner, then it dies. By blocking all the ways of penetration, observing cleanliness and hygiene rules, you can prevent the multiplication of parasites in your body.